1. The Dakota Access Pipeline would transport 470,000 barrels of crude oil a day from North Dakota into Illinois, directly to refineries throughout the east. The 1,100-mile pipeline would be the first to tap into the Bakken shale, a oil formation very close to tribal land. The $3.8 million project was expected to be finished and operating by the end of the fourth quarter, however protests have lengthened the project timeline.
2. Standing Rock Sioux leaders and other tribes say they fear the pipeline will destroy sacred sites and contaminate drinking water. Protest have become violent after bulldozers allegedly went over sacred sites. Local news outlets and videos show at least 30 protestors were pepper sprayed and two security dogs, and four private security guards were injured. The tribes filed for a temporary restraining order against Dakota Access and Dakota Access filed its opposition to the tribes' request early on Tuesday. A federal judge is expected to decide to temporarily halt construction near ancient burial and prayer sites.
3. Business as usual or a rights issue?